Federal EPSCoR Program
The Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR) is a family of competitive merit-based programs at federal research and development (R&D) agencies. The National Science Foundation (NSF) was the first EPSCoR sponsor. In 1991-92 the U.S. congress mandated that other federal agencies supporting academic research would form an EPSCoR program similar to that of NSF. These agencies include the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Department of Defense (DoD), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Department of Energy (DOE), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The NIH program is called the Institutional Development Award (IDeA) program. Each agency administers its EPSCoR program in a way that also best contributes to the agency's mission; so EPSCoR policies and procedures differ among agencies.